Agriculture and Satellite Imagery: NeoEdge Podcast Interview

Enjoy immediately’s full transcript with particular visitor, Diana Mistrova, of EOS Satellite Images.

#1 Your background and your motivation for satellite tv for pc imagery?

EOS Data Analytics was based in 2015, and began out as a 4-employee firm. 

It is part of the house enterprise group, thus satellite tv for pc information evaluation is our primary experience from the very starting. Now we’ve round 150 workers, amongst them 20 Data scientists with Ph.D. levels as nicely and they’re growing totally different fashions and algorithms that assist us to make use of and implement satellite tv for pc information for various initiatives.

EOS Data Analytics uniquely combines information from Space and Earth, and serves as the elemental ecosystem for information verification, storage and evaluation as a baseline for improvements. We make use of nice scientific minds and the most recent AI applied sciences, as a way to produce dependable and application-ready outcomes. EOS Data Analytics performs its position – as an answer for grounded decision-making in all main industries that serve the planet and the folks on it, to assist them consciously thrive.

#2 What are the most important points skilled with utilizing present information methods?

There is a bunch of satellite tv for pc information suppliers available on the market, they differ in picture decision, band mixture and revisit time. Depending on the targets of research totally different photos can be utilized with centimeters of resolutions or each day updates. High-resolution photos are fairly expensive and can’t be used for a lot of initiatives because of their value inefficiency. We confronted this concern in our agriculture initiatives, the place open-source photos with band mixtures we want, have a low decision, which isn’t enough for the detailed evaluation of the fields and small plots. On the opposite hand, high-resolution photos can’t be used because of the excessive value, nobody needs to pay some huge cash day-after-day to evaluate the state of their fields. And photos with applicable value and appropriate decision would not have all of the required bands mixture.

So despite the fact that the Earth Observation market is rising immensely, there are nonetheless massive gaps in combining high-quality information with high-resolution photos, which we goal to deal with with the EOS SAT satellite tv for pc constellation.

#3 What are the technical particulars of how satellite tv for pc information and huge information works?

Satellite imagery information is collected utilizing distant sensing applied sciences, corresponding to Optical Imagery or Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR). The satellite tv for pc has its personal orbit through which it strikes and collects imagery information. Then, the info is transmitted to the bottom stations and undergoes a number of ranges of processing (The floor station sometimes consists of the antennas, buildings, and electronics essential to transmit, obtain, multiplex, and demultiplex indicators). The information and photos (from varied information sources) are processed, interpreted, augmented with different information, and then made obtainable as information merchandise. 

#4 Why agriculture?

Agriculture, being maybe one of many final industries present process a digital revolution, is anticipated to carry the world probably the most important modifications we’ve ever seen. The transformation’s purpose is easy but planetary-important — scale back agricultural inputs and decrease dangerous environmental impacts whereas growing smallholding farmers’ productiveness and profitability.

Precision agriculture methods — corresponding to yield prediction, variable charge seeding, and good irrigation — strengthened by AI-powered satellite tv for pc imagery analytics considerably facilitate farming operations and decision-making. Additionally, the event of cloud storage and cellular purposes makes information simply accessible to farmers and agricultural stakeholders.

Satellite-driven farming applied sciences allow agriculture to face up to local weather change and meals insecurity induced by the ever-growing world inhabitants. Besides, agtech helps meals provide chain corporations get most output from their fields, predict yields, and plan manufacturing to fulfill the demand and guarantee meals safety.

So the agrifocused method to creating this constellation is fully justified by the wants of the trade, and targets to deal with probably the most urgent challenges of the sector.

within the meals manufacturing trade, North America holds the main place when it comes to expertise adoption. According to our data, over 30% of American farmers use satellite tv for pc imagery information whereas 60% to 90% are making use of yield displays and different precision agriculture options typically. Other components of the world are quickly catching up as we see enormous progress in satellite tv for pc tech adoption in Europe and even Africa. 

One of the principle trade challenges although is that smallholding farmers are usually prudent in relation to the adoption of contemporary applied sciences. Such a cautious method is attributable to little or no expertise utilizing agtech and a poor understanding of what precision agriculture instruments could carry them. 

#5 What are the technical particulars you obtain by amassing agricultural information via satellite tv for pc?

As I discussed earlier than, we’ve our R&D division with Data Scientists on board. They have developed fashions and algorithms that assist us to categorise all main crop varieties on a rustic or district degree, we are able to determine area boundaries for the present season and earlier seasons as nicely, we are able to present yield prediction, and detect harvesting course of. These are a number of the most superior applied sciences we are able to present.

Among different standard options are: Vegetation indices — that reveals crop healths, biomass amount and cover cowl. We also can present Soil moisture, we use Radar information for the floor soil moisture and particular mannequin to calculate root zone soil moisture. 

Vegetation and productiveness maps enable growers to use fertilizer, chemical compounds and seeds, to a distinct components of a area relying on their wants. Also, farmers can take a look at the soil for vitamins, corresponding to nitrogen, and feed solely these areas that lack sure vitamins. EOS Crop Monitoring performance additionally permits growers to successfully monitor the readiness of crops for harvest with the assistance of vegetation indices. 

#6 How does this influence eco-friendly practices and the worldwide group at massive?

EOS SAT performs a key position in stopping local weather change and satisfying international meals demand by offering worthwhile insights for good farm administration. Since intensive farming is seemingly ineffective and environmentally dangerous, the development of agricultural practices is without doubt one of the most urgent challenges immediately.

EOS SAT expertise permits growers to decrease carbon dioxide emissions and develop sustainable agriculture strategies with out monetary losses, reduce on power consumption with drawback space detection capability, that reveals precisely the place crops require extra consideration.

I’ve already touched upon the detrimental influence of extreme CO2 emissions. With this drawback in thoughts, we created AI and machine studying algorithms to measure the carbon quantity in soil and vegetation. The obtained information could also be utilized in carbon administration that’s instrumental in combating local weather change.

In the face of topical points corresponding to local weather change and international meals demand, a shift to precision agriculture practices leveraging cutting-edge distant sensing applied sciences will assist farmers optimize crop manufacturing, guarantee meals safety, protect the setting, and go away a greater Earth for many who come after us.

Overall, by incorporating EOS SAT information into one’s agricultural practices, they will begin lowering their local weather change influence with out extra efforts or prices.

# 7 What are your plans via 2025?

We have huge plans for the EOS SAT constellation. The most essential purpose is to get all 7 satellites to orbit.

This fall, we’re launching our first satellite tv for pc, after which in upcoming yr we’re planning to place the subsequent 3 satellites within the orbit, and 3 extra will probably be up and operating by 2024. In 2025, based on the plan, the EOS SAT satellite tv for pc constellation may have its full functionality, delivering superior insights to customers all around the world. With all 7 satellites up and operating we anticipate to cowl 90+% of farmlands globally, which is an formidable however very achievable purpose for us.

In additional plans, we’re aiming to scale in current verticals and increase to extra industries, adapting the info sources, algorithms, and expertise on the way in which. The alternatives to develop and increase the affect of this constellation are immense, and we wish to embody as a lot of them as attainable.


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